Lego blocks, beloved by each kids and adults, will be assembled into set fashions like area shuttles or cool buildings, but additionally can be utilized to construct any new constructions. Like these blocks, a brand new know-how has been proposed to assemble atomic-sized blocks into new supplies.
A POSTECH analysis group led by Professor Cheol-Joo Kim and Ph.D. candidates Seong-Jun Yang and Ju-Hyun Jung (Division of Chemical Engineering) in collaboration with Dr. Chang Cuk Hwang and Dr. Eunsook Lee (Pohang Accelerator Laboratory) and Professor Pinshane Y. Huang and Ph.D. candidate Edmund Han (College of Illinois Urbana-Champagne) has developed a know-how for assembling wafer-scale movies on the atomic degree. Just lately revealed because the entrance cowl paper of Nano Letters, the findings are a results of exactly designing the construction of supplies on the atomic degree.
Crystal movies composed of atoms supply various bodily properties based mostly on the modulation of their thickness or atomic constructions. Various the stacking configuration of those skinny movies — layer-by-layer or twisted — produces totally different bodily properties. Nonetheless, research carried out to date have solely enabled meeting of atomically skinny crystals at a really small-scale as a result of assembling giant wafer-sized skinny movies simply contaminates their interfaces, hindering the emergence of latest properties.
To beat this, the researchers proposed a programmed crystal meeting of graphene and monolayer hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), assisted by van der Waals interactions. This new approach produces wafer-scale movies of almost 100% pristine interfaces.
Making use of this new methodology permits large-scale manufacturing of wafer-size synthetic crystalline movies which have been tough to make use of as precise units on account of their small dimension. This know-how exhibits promise to assist develop new supplies that emit mild or conduct electrical energy since it may possibly program the construction of a cloth on the atomic degree.
“The atomic-level meeting methodology has been restricted to very small sizes, limiting the invention of properties and know-how growth to mere verification on the single-device degree,” remarked Professor Cheol-Joo Kim who led the examine. He added, “The findings from this examine have demonstrated the atomic-level precision meeting of single-crystalline supplies on the wafer-scale for the primary time, which will likely be relevant to the event of nanodevices sooner or later.”
This examine was carried out with the help from the Younger Researcher Program and the Artistic Supplies Discovery Program of the Nationwide Analysis Basis of Korea.
Supplies offered by Pohang College of Science & Know-how (POSTECH). Notice: Content material could also be edited for model and size.